Rubella (German Measles)
What is rubella?
Rubella, sometimes called German measles, is a viral infection. It usually causes a mild illness in children. Adults have a slightly more severe illness. The disease is spread person-to-person through droplets coughed or sneezed into the air by an infected person. It takes 2 to 3 weeks before symptoms to develop after exposure. Although the illness is mostly mild, the virus can cause serious birth defects in pregnant women. The vaccine is effective in preventing rubella.
What causes rubella?
Rubella is caused by a virus and is spread from person-to-person through droplets coughed or sneezed into the air by an infected person. Most outbreaks of rubella happen among young adults and adults who have not been vaccinated or have not had the disease before.
Who is at risk for rubella?
If you have not had the vaccine or never had rubella, you are at risk for the disease.
What are the symptoms of rubella?
The following are the most common symptoms of rubella. However, each person may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
- Rash (usually begins at the face and progresses to the trunk, arms and legs, and lasts about 3 days)
- Slight fever
- Enlarged lymph nodes
Rubella in pregnant women may cause serious complications in the fetus. This includes a range of severe birth defects.
The symptoms of rubella may look like other medical conditions. Always talk with your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How is rubella diagnosed?
Along with a complete medical history and medical exam, diagnosis is often confirmed with a throat culture and blood testing.
How is rubella treated?
Your healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment for you:
- How old you are
- Your overall health and past health
- How sick you are
- How well you can handle specific medicines, procedures, or therapies
- Your opinion or preference
Treatment for rubella is usually limited to acetaminophen for fever. There are no medicines to treat the virus infection itself.
What are the complications of rubella?
For most people, rubella is a mild disease and does not cause complications. If a woman is infected with the disease while pregnant, her unborn baby can develop defects. Possible birth defects caused by rubella include:
- Congenital cataracts
- Heart defects
- Intellectual disability
- Liver and spleen damage
Can rubella be prevented?
Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) is a childhood vaccine that protects against these 3 viruses. MMR makes most people immune to rubella (in addition to measles and mumps). People who have had rubella are immune for life.
Usually, the first dose of the MMR vaccine is given when a child is 12 to 15 months old. A second dose is given at 4 to 6 years of age. However, if 28 days have passed since the first dose was given, a second dose may be given before the age of 4.
When should I call my healthcare provider?
Rubella usually resolves on its own. However, tell your healthcare provider if:
- If your symptoms get worse or you have new symptoms
- If you are pregnant and aren’t sure if you have been vaccinated against rubella
- If you get a severe headache, stiff neck, earache, or problems with your vision either during the measles or afterwards
Key points about rubella
- Rubella is a viral infection. It causes a mild illness in children and slightly more severe illness in adults.
- If a woman is infected with the disease while pregnant, her unborn baby can be born with severe birth defects.
- Rubella can be prevented by the combination vaccine for measles, mumps, and rubella.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
- Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.
- Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
- Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.
- At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you.
- Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Also know what the side effects are.
- Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
- Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean.
- Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.
- If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit.
- Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.
1351Baby shower guest sign in ideas
2533Boy baby shower decorations ideas
1607Girl baby shower favors ideas
23705Intermittent Fasting – Is It Safe For Children?
1791TOP 10 Girl baby shower themes ideas for 2017
23689It is Safe to Eat Raw Meat – A Guide to Choosing the Right Type
600Baby shower fruit tray ideas
4319Baby shower afternoon tea ideas
23735IBS, Depression, and Skin Problems in Fructose Malabsorption
1909Purchase The Special Twin Baby Shower Cakes From Your Local Stores
23715Understanding Poop – Constipation, IBS, and Other Digestive Disorders
3923Baby shower snack ideas pinterest
218710 Useful Triplet baby shower ideas for you!
4291High tea baby shower ideas – 10 ways to have a High tea baby shower party!
554Welcoming a Baby Angel in Style with the Best Baby shower souvenir ideas
2041Planning a Baby shower program ideas – detailed guide
2553TOP 10 Baby girl baby shower food ideas
2463Baby shower ideas pinterest boy
3597Pink and zebra baby shower ideas
3785Baby showers ideas for girls
2983Simple baby shower game ideas
3455Baby shower breakfast ideas
3311Gift ideas for mom to be at baby shower
568Baby shower picture ideas
690Vintage baby shower decoration ideas
1889Baby shower party decoration ideas
234Small baby shower ideas
3047Cute baby shower cakes ideas
886Pink and grey baby shower ideas
2457Camo themed baby shower ideas
924Baby shower diaper cake ideas
3005Surprise baby shower invitation wording ideas
1605Dessert table ideas for baby shower
2995Baby shower favor ideas diy
2561Table centerpieces for baby shower ideas
4119Baby shower decorating ideas for girls