Polycystic Kidney Disease
What is polycystic kidney disease (PKD)?
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a rare genetic disorder. It causes numerous cysts filled with fluid to grow in the kidneys. PKD cysts can reduce kidney function, leading to kidney failure. PKD is the 4th leading cause of kidney failure. People with PKD can also have cysts in the liver and problems in other organs, such as the heart and blood vessels in the brain.
What are the different types of PKD?
There are 2 primary inherited forms of PKD and 1 noninherited form:
Autosomal dominant PKD (inherited)
This is the most common inherited form of polycystic kidney disease, accounting for about 90% of all PKD cases. Autosomal dominant means that if one parent has the disease, there is a 50% chance that the disease will pass to a child, and that both males and females are equally affected. These cases usually are diagnosed in adulthood.
Autosomal dominant PKD is often called the adult polycystic kidney disease. Symptoms usually develop between age 30 and 40. But they can begin as early as childhood. They may include the following:
Autosomal dominant PKD may occur with other conditions including:
The symptoms of autosomal dominant PKD may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always check with your child’s healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis of autosomal dominant PKD may include:
Your child’s healthcare provider will figure out a treatment plan for autosomal dominant PKD after careful consideration of the child’s symptoms and medical history. Treatment may include:
Autosomal recessive PKD (inherited)
Autosomal recessive PKD is a rare, inherited form of polycystic kidney disease. It is thought to be caused by a particular genetic flaw that is different from the genetic flaw that causes autosomal dominant PKD. Parents who don’t have the disease can have a child with the disease if both parents carry the abnormal gene and both pass the gene to their child. Carrier parents have a 25% chance with each pregnancy to have a child with this type of PKD. Males and females are equally affected. Autosomal recessive PKD is sometimes detected before birth using a fetal ultrasound.
Symptoms of autosomal recessive PKD can begin before birth. In most cases, the earlier symptoms start, the more severe the outcome. There are 4 different types of autosomal recessive PKD, depending on the child’s age when symptoms become evident:
Children born with autosomal recessive PKD may develop kidney failure within a few years and often experience the following:
The disease also usually affects the liver, spleen, and pancreas. This results in low blood cell counts, varicose veins, and hemorrhoids.
The symptoms of autosomal recessive PKD may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always check with your child’s healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis often includes ultrasound imaging of the fetus or newborn to reveal cysts in the kidneys. Ultrasound exam of kidneys of relatives may also be helpful.
Your child’s healthcare provider will figure out a treatment plan for autosomal recessive PKD after careful consideration of the child’s symptoms and medical profile. Treatment may include:
Acquired cystic kidney disease, or ACKD (noninherited)
Acquired cystic kidney disease may develop in association with long-term kidney problems, especially in people who have kidney failure and who have been on dialysis for a long time. Therefore, it tends to occur later in life and is an acquired, not inherited, form of PKD. Often there are cysts in other organs, such as the liver and the pancreas.
1351Baby shower guest sign in ideas
2533Boy baby shower decorations ideas
1607Girl baby shower favors ideas
23705Intermittent Fasting – Is It Safe For Children?
1791TOP 10 Girl baby shower themes ideas for 2017
23689It is Safe to Eat Raw Meat – A Guide to Choosing the Right Type
600Baby shower fruit tray ideas
4319Baby shower afternoon tea ideas
23735IBS, Depression, and Skin Problems in Fructose Malabsorption
1909Purchase The Special Twin Baby Shower Cakes From Your Local Stores
23715Understanding Poop – Constipation, IBS, and Other Digestive Disorders
218710 Useful Triplet baby shower ideas for you!
3923Baby shower snack ideas pinterest
4291High tea baby shower ideas – 10 ways to have a High tea baby shower party!
554Welcoming a Baby Angel in Style with the Best Baby shower souvenir ideas
2041Planning a Baby shower program ideas – detailed guide
2553TOP 10 Baby girl baby shower food ideas
2463Baby shower ideas pinterest boy
23742History and Benefits of Fermented Foods
1247Baby shower princess ideas
21305At-Home Baby Food: How to Prepare It Easily
4157Baby shower event ideas
3565Girl baby shower games ideas
3567The best baby shower ideas
1961Baby shower sweets ideas
3563Good baby shower food ideas
3171Princess theme baby shower decoration ideas
1841Boy baby shower game ideas
2305Halloween themed baby shower ideas
616Boy themed baby shower ideas
3519Baby shower game booklet ideas
952Homemade baby shower party favors ideas
1044Baby shower cupcake ideas for a boy
2419Baby shower balloon centerpiece ideas
3131Decoration ideas for baby shower boy
3037Cake ideas for baby shower girl