HIV/AIDS and Pregnancy
What is HIV/AIDS?
HIV is a virus that can cause problems with the body’s immune system. A weak immune system lowers the body’s ability to fight infections and certain cancers over time. When cells of the immune system have been weakened or destroyed by HIV, it causes AIDS. Not everyone who has HIV develops AIDS. AIDS is when the HIV infection is in its most advanced stages.
Some people may get a flu-like illness within a month or two after infection with HIV. Many people don’t have any symptoms when they are first infected. But HIV/AIDS is a serious infection that needs medical attention. It can turn into a severe illness over time and cause life-threatening problems and early death.
The risk to your baby
If you have HIV, you can pass it to your baby during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and breastfeeding. Nearly all children under the age of 13 with HIV were infected by their mother. This happens in the womb, or as they passed through the birth canal during labor. The virus can also be passed through breastmilk.
A pregnant woman with HIV has a 1 in 4 chance that her baby will get the virus. But with early diagnosis and treatment with medicine, you can reduce this risk to 1 to 2 in 100.
Getting tested for HIV during pregnancy
All pregnant women should get tested for HIV. Get the tests as early as possible in pregnancy, every time you are pregnant. Blood tests are the most common way to diagnose HIV. Other tests can check for HIV in urine and saliva. When a test is positive, you’ll have more tests to check the results of the first test. When a test is negative, but it’s likely you were exposed to HIV, you’ll need follow-up testing in about 6 months.
Special care during pregnancy and childbirth
If you have HIV, you’ll need extra health care during pregnancy. This will include counseling, testing, and treatment. You’ll need to work with a healthcare provider who’s trained in high-risk pregnancy, infectious disease, or HIV.
Vaginal birth can expose a baby to the HIV virus. Talk with your healthcare provider about a cesarean (c-section) birth. A c-section helps reduce the risk of spreading the virus to your baby.
Special care for your baby after birth
Babies of mothers with HIV are watched closely. Your baby will be given anti-HIV medicines after birth. Your baby will have regular exams and blood tests. In most cases, a diagnosis of HIV infection can be made by the time a baby is 3 months old.
Because HIV can be passed on through breastmilk, you shouldn’t breastfeed your baby. Talk with your healthcare provider about formula feeding.
Living with HIV/AIDS
There is no cure for HIV/AIDS. But new medicines can help people infected with the virus to lead healthier lives. It’s important to work with a specialist who treats HIV/AIDS, and to follow your treatment plan carefully.
When to call your healthcare provider
Call your healthcare provider if you:
Think you have had contact with HIV
Have HIV/AIDS and have an infection or new symptoms
Protect your baby
To help lower the risk to your baby:
Get tested during pregnancy. All pregnant women should have an HIV test.
Don’t have a vaginal delivery. Talk with your healthcare provider about a c-section.
Don’t breastfeed. Talk with your healthcare provider about formula feeding.
1351Baby shower guest sign in ideas
2533Boy baby shower decorations ideas
1607Girl baby shower favors ideas
23705Intermittent Fasting – Is It Safe For Children?
1791TOP 10 Girl baby shower themes ideas for 2017
23689It is Safe to Eat Raw Meat – A Guide to Choosing the Right Type
600Baby shower fruit tray ideas
4319Baby shower afternoon tea ideas
23735IBS, Depression, and Skin Problems in Fructose Malabsorption
1909Purchase The Special Twin Baby Shower Cakes From Your Local Stores
23715Understanding Poop – Constipation, IBS, and Other Digestive Disorders
3923Baby shower snack ideas pinterest
218710 Useful Triplet baby shower ideas for you!
4291High tea baby shower ideas – 10 ways to have a High tea baby shower party!
554Welcoming a Baby Angel in Style with the Best Baby shower souvenir ideas
2041Planning a Baby shower program ideas – detailed guide
2553TOP 10 Baby girl baby shower food ideas
2463Baby shower ideas pinterest boy
2137Bumble bee themed baby shower ideas – 10 tips for good party!
23726Four Years Eating Raw Meat
3347Thanksgiving baby shower ideas
1190Food ideas for baby showers
366Girl baby shower food ideas
212Best baby shower ideas
936Ideas de comida para baby shower
2863Easy baby shower dessert ideas
3945Baby shower decor ideas for boys
2059Unique baby shower cake ideas
1849Cheap and easy baby shower ideas
2697Babies shower ideas
896Pink camo baby shower ideas
23765When Kids Complain of Symptoms, Listen
502Girl baby shower decoration ideas
1018Dinosaur baby shower ideas
23758Paleo Banana Pancakes
2341Baby shower ideas for men