Hemoglobin C Disease
Red blood cells transport oxygen throughout the body to cells, tissues, and organs use that oxygen to function properly. Red blood cells carry oxygen via hemoglobin, a protein contained within the cells.
|Click to Enlarge|
Hemoglobin comes in many types; people inherit the type of hemoglobin they have from their parents. Most people carry hemoglobin A in their red blood cells. Those who carry hemoglobin C, considered an abnormal variation, may develop hemoglobin C disease. This blood disorder develops because the red blood cells do not contain enough water and are too rigid. They break down earlier than they should, leaving too few in the blood and leading to mild anemia.
Facts about hemoglobin C disease
If two parents pass on a hemoglobin C trait, their baby will carry hemoglobin C in his or her red blood cells. That does not mean the child will automatically have hemoglobin C disease. It is possible to carry the hemoglobin C trait without having the disease or any health problems. In fact, a baby born to parents who each carry the trait has a 25 percent chance of having hemoglobin C disease and developing symptoms.
In the U.S., hemoglobin C is most common in African-Americans. People of Caribbean, Italian, and Greek descent also have a higher risk of developing hemoglobin C disease.
Most people with the hemoglobin C disease don’t have symptoms and can live normal lives, but they will have a low blood count or anemia.
If symptoms do develop, they may include:
Reduced red blood cell counts during infection or illness
Increased risk for gallstones
Episodes of joint pain
Increased risk for infection
A blood test can diagnose hemoglobin C disease. The disorder is often found during newborn screening tests that look for any abnormalities.
Although hemoglobin C disease is a chronic condition, it usually doesn’t require any treatment. The anemia that develops is mild and rarely interferes with everyday life. Neither children nor adults need any special therapy, vitamins, or iron supplements to treat hemoglobin C disease.
Hemoglobin C disease is an inherited, congenital disease. There is no known way to prevent it. Blood tests of both parents before pregnancy can indicate their child’s chances of having hemoglobin C disease.
Hemoglobin C disease usually requires no special medical attention, but sometimes complications can develop, including:
Anemia that requires treatment
Vision problems due to changes in the retina
When to call the doctor
Children with hemoglobin C disease may develop complications as they grow up. If your child has frequent or persistent infections or has symptoms of gallstones (pain in the upper abdomen or back, especially after eating), talk with your child’s doctor. An ultrasound can confirm gallstones. Preventive antibiotics may be prescribed to help reduce the risk for infections. Children with enlarged spleens should take care to avoid high-contact sports to reduce the risk for injury.
Key points to remember
Children and adults can live long and healthy lives with hemoglobin C disease because symptoms are uncommon or generally quite mild. Most people just need to be aware of the condition and alert for any possible complications.
1351Baby shower guest sign in ideas
1607Girl baby shower favors ideas
2533Boy baby shower decorations ideas
1791TOP 10 Girl baby shower themes ideas for 2017
600Baby shower fruit tray ideas
3923Baby shower snack ideas pinterest
1909Purchase The Special Twin Baby Shower Cakes From Your Local Stores
4291High tea baby shower ideas – 10 ways to have a High tea baby shower party!
4319Baby shower afternoon tea ideas
2553TOP 10 Baby girl baby shower food ideas
2463Baby shower ideas pinterest boy
4315Baby shower centerpieces ideas pictures – 10 methods to brighten your baby shower party
554Welcoming a Baby Angel in Style with the Best Baby shower souvenir ideas
218710 Useful Triplet baby shower ideas for you!
2041Planning a Baby shower program ideas – detailed guide
3165Baby shower charades ideas
4327Baby shower onesie ideas – 10 secrets to know
2137Bumble bee themed baby shower ideas – 10 tips for good party!
1255Baby shower potluck ideas
3345Baby shower ideas gift
1275Red and black baby shower ideas
1315Little girl baby shower ideas
902Pink safari baby shower ideas
1058Two peas in a pod baby shower ideas
804Awesome baby shower ideas
23780Baby Food Versus Baby Bites
3877Cute baby shower decorating ideas
3057Baby shower cake decorations ideas
1357Baby shower flower ideas
3123Baby shower book theme ideas
2501Twin baby shower food ideas
48Baby shower ideas for a boy
410Ideas de baby shower
3179Autumn themed baby shower ideas
2185Baby shower mustache ideas
2391613 Best electric motorcycle for kids in 2018