What is HELLP syndrome?
HELLP syndrome is a rare but life-threatening condition in pregnancy. It causes red cells in the blood to break down. It also causes problems with the liver, bleeding, and blood pressure. It is often linked with preeclampsia and eclampsia. It often develops before delivery. But it may also occur after delivery. The letters in the word HELLP stand for:
- Hemolysis. This is the breakdown of red blood cells.
- Elevated Liver enzymes. Damage to liver cells causes changes in the way the liver works.
- Low Platelets. Platelets are cells in the blood that help the blood to clot to control bleeding.
What causes HELLP syndrome?
Healthcare providers don’t know what causes HELLP syndrome.
Who is at risk for HELLP syndrome?
You are more likely to get HELLP syndrome if you:
What are the symptoms of HELLP syndrome?
These are the most common symptoms of HELLP syndrome:
- Pain in the top right side of your belly (abdomen) or around your stomach
- Nausea or vomiting
- Blurry vision
- High blood pressure
- Protein in the urine
- Swelling (edema)
The symptoms of HELLP syndrome may look like other health conditions. These include other high blood pressure problems in pregnancy. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How is HELLP syndrome diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will review your health history and do a physical exam. Other tests include:
- Blood pressure measurement
- Red blood cell count
- Blood tests for enzymes that show cell damage
- Measurement of bilirubin level. This is a substance made by the breakdown of red blood cells.
- Liver function tests
- Platelet count
- Urine tests for protein
How is HELLP syndrome treated?
Treatment may include:
- Bed rest, either at home or in the hospital
- Blood transfusions for severe anemia and low platelet count
- Medicine to prevent seizures
- Medicine to lower blood pressure
- Hospital stay with fetal monitoring. This includes:
- Non-stress testing. This test measures the fetal heart rate when the baby moves.
- Biophysical profile. This test combines the non-stress test with ultrasound to see the developing baby.
- Doppler flow studies. This is a type of ultrasound that uses sound waves to measure the flow of blood through a blood vessel.
- Lab tests of liver, urine, and blood. These may tell if HELLP syndrome is getting worse.
- Corticosteroid medicines to help the baby’s lungs mature for delivery
You may deliver your baby early if HELLP syndrome gets worse and puts the health of you or your baby in danger.
What are the complications of HELLP syndrome?
Complications may include:
- Poor blood flow to your organs
- Blood clotting problems
- Placenta problems
- Liver problems
- Fluid buildup in your lungs
- Early delivery
If HELLP syndrome is severe, you and your baby may be in danger. You may need to deliver the baby early to prevent more problems. It may take several days after delivery to recover from HELLP syndrome.
How can HELLP syndrome be prevented?
Watching for signs of HELLP syndrome may help prevent some complications. Learning about the warning signs can help you get early treatment and prevent the disease from getting worse.
Key points about HELLP syndrome
- HELLP syndrome is a life-threatening problem in pregnancy. It can cause problems with the liver, bleeding, and blood pressure.
- Healthcare providers don’t know what causes HELLP syndrome.
- You may need to deliver your baby early.
- Finding out if you are at risk for HELLP syndrome may help prevent some complications of the disease.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
- Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.
- Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
- Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.
- At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you.
- Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Also know what the side effects are.
- Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
- Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean.
- Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.
- If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit.
- Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.
1351Baby shower guest sign in ideas
1607Girl baby shower favors ideas
2533Boy baby shower decorations ideas
1791TOP 10 Girl baby shower themes ideas for 2017
600Baby shower fruit tray ideas
3923Baby shower snack ideas pinterest
1909Purchase The Special Twin Baby Shower Cakes From Your Local Stores
4291High tea baby shower ideas – 10 ways to have a High tea baby shower party!
4319Baby shower afternoon tea ideas
2553TOP 10 Baby girl baby shower food ideas
2463Baby shower ideas pinterest boy
4315Baby shower centerpieces ideas pictures – 10 methods to brighten your baby shower party
554Welcoming a Baby Angel in Style with the Best Baby shower souvenir ideas
218710 Useful Triplet baby shower ideas for you!
2041Planning a Baby shower program ideas – detailed guide
3165Baby shower charades ideas
4327Baby shower onesie ideas – 10 secrets to know
2137Bumble bee themed baby shower ideas – 10 tips for good party!
328Ideas for baby shower gifts
1691Jungle theme baby shower centerpiece ideas
3609Baby shower boy ideas pinterest
4303Baby shower ideas melbourne
622Decoration ideas for baby shower
4005Cheap baby shower games ideas
2953Jungle baby shower theme ideas
2961Ideas para baby shower juegos
1361Adoption baby shower ideas
2455Baby shower ideas for second baby
3679Ideas for baby showers games
3019Winter baby shower food ideas
2403Baby shower monkey theme ideas
1509Baby shower games ideas for boys
824Ducky baby shower ideas
878Baby shower dinner ideas
1515Baby shower gift table ideas
2907Baby shower tips and ideas