Genetics and Immune Disorders
Your immune system is made up of a large network of cells, tissues, and organs. They work together to fight off infections and other harmful substances.
But the immune system doesn’t always work the way it should.
|The Immune System – Click to Enlarge|
Some disorders make the immune system unable to fight off infections. In other disorders, the immune system actually attacks the body’s cells or organs the same way it would attack an infection. This is what happens in autoimmune disorders like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
Immune disorders and genes
Genes are the building blocks of human growth and development. They determine many characteristics, like hair and eye color. Genes also affect the way the immune system functions or how it responds to threats. Primary immunodeficiency disorders are present at birth. They are inherited, which means they are related to genes passed from one generation to another. Some immune disorders are diagnosed at or shortly after birth. Other immune disorders may not be diagnosed until later in childhood or early adulthood.
Researchers continue to learn how genes influence immune disorders. For example, one genetic defect may block certain cells defending the body. Another defect might prevent the removal of toxic chemicals from the body.
Some signs and symptoms of immune disorders
Symptoms of an immune disorder include:
Autoimmune disease symptoms, such as aching joints, tissue destruction, and inflammation
Difficulty fighting infections or infections that last a long time. For example:
Taking antibiotics for more than one or two months with no success
Having infections that other people fight off easily, such as fungal infections of the mouth or skin
Frequent, severe infections. For example, someone with a primary immune deficiency may have:
Many ear infections in a year
More than one lung, sinus, blood, bone, or deep skin infection in a year
Trouble growing or gaining weight as an infant
Complications of primary immune deficiency and genetic immune disorders include:
Long-term or severe infections
To diagnose genetic immune disorders, your healthcare providers should do the following:
Check your response to certain vaccines, such as pneumonia or pneumococcal vaccine
Check your response to skin tests, such as tetanus, bacteria, and the fungus candida
Order blood tests, including tests of immunoglobulin (antibody) levels
Review your personal and family medical history
Treatment may include:
Preventing infection. People who have immune disorders must work hard to avoid infection. Basic hygiene, such as hand washing, is very important. But it is also important to limit contact with crowds or people who have colds and illnesses. Children with specific immune disorders should not get live virus vaccines, which can cause sickness.
Long-term follow-up. Immune disorders mean an ongoing risk of infection. Work with your medical team to keep you as healthy as possible.
Treating existing infections. Antibiotics or antifungal treatments may be needed to treat the current infection. With severe infections, hospitalization may be needed.
Treating the immune deficiency. Treatment depends on the immune disorder. Treatments may include bone marrow transplants, enzyme or antibody replacement therapy.
1351Baby shower guest sign in ideas
2533Boy baby shower decorations ideas
1607Girl baby shower favors ideas
1791TOP 10 Girl baby shower themes ideas for 2017
600Baby shower fruit tray ideas
3923Baby shower snack ideas pinterest
1909Purchase The Special Twin Baby Shower Cakes From Your Local Stores
4319Baby shower afternoon tea ideas
4291High tea baby shower ideas – 10 ways to have a High tea baby shower party!
2553TOP 10 Baby girl baby shower food ideas
218710 Useful Triplet baby shower ideas for you!
2463Baby shower ideas pinterest boy
554Welcoming a Baby Angel in Style with the Best Baby shower souvenir ideas
4315Baby shower centerpieces ideas pictures – 10 methods to brighten your baby shower party
2041Planning a Baby shower program ideas – detailed guide
23689It is Safe to Eat Raw Meat – A Guide to Choosing the Right Type
3165Baby shower charades ideas
4327Baby shower onesie ideas – 10 secrets to know
2583Ladybug baby shower cake ideas
1567Fall baby shower ideas themes
2299Free baby shower ideas
2211Ideas para organizar un baby shower
1641Bear baby shower ideas
964Youtube baby shower ideas
614Free baby shower game ideas
892Baby shower giveaways ideas
2891Cute baby shower cupcake ideas
2387Couples baby shower games ideas
1441Ideas for baby shower favors to make yourself
3831Pamper party ideas for baby shower
1068Brunch baby shower menu ideas
3769Baby shower ideas perth
2767Ideas baby shower favors
1585Baby boy shower decorations ideas
2517Fiesta baby shower ideas
308Baby shower gift ideas for girls