Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis
How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
Newborns are screened for cystic fibrosis (CF) as part of each state’s newborn screening program. If the results are positive, it does not mean your baby has cystic fibrosis. Additional tests are done as described below.
In addition to a complete medical history and physical exam, other tests for CF may include:
Sweat (chloride) test. This test measures the amount of chloride in the sweat. It’s done by placing a solution on the forearm (or the thigh, if your child is too small) and attaching electrodes. The skin is stimulated to sweat with a mild electric current, which does not cause pain or harm to your child. The sweat is collected onto a gauze pad and analyzed. Higher than normal amounts of chloride may suggest CF. The sweat test is not painful and usually causes only minor discomfort.
Genetic tests. Blood, or cells taken from a cheek scraping, can be tested for mutations in the CFTR gene.
As part of the assessment of CF symptoms, your child may also have these tests:
Blood tests. These may include pancreatic function tests.
Chest X-rays. This test uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to create images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.
Pulmonary function tests. These tests help measure the lungs’ ability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide appropriately. They are usually done with special machines that a child must breathe into.
Sputum cultures. This test is done on the material that is coughed up from the lungs and into the mouth. A sputum culture is often done to find out if an infection is present.
Stool evaluations. These are done to measure stool fat absorption.
1351Baby shower guest sign in ideas
1607Girl baby shower favors ideas
2533Boy baby shower decorations ideas
1791TOP 10 Girl baby shower themes ideas for 2017
600Baby shower fruit tray ideas
3923Baby shower snack ideas pinterest
1909Purchase The Special Twin Baby Shower Cakes From Your Local Stores
4291High tea baby shower ideas – 10 ways to have a High tea baby shower party!
4319Baby shower afternoon tea ideas
2553TOP 10 Baby girl baby shower food ideas
2463Baby shower ideas pinterest boy
4315Baby shower centerpieces ideas pictures – 10 methods to brighten your baby shower party
554Welcoming a Baby Angel in Style with the Best Baby shower souvenir ideas
218710 Useful Triplet baby shower ideas for you!
2041Planning a Baby shower program ideas – detailed guide
3165Baby shower charades ideas
4327Baby shower onesie ideas – 10 secrets to know
2137Bumble bee themed baby shower ideas – 10 tips for good party!
632Pink and brown baby shower ideas
2761Cupcake ideas for a baby shower
3379Ideas for baby shower favors to make at home
3217Baby shower do it yourself ideas
818Baby shower door prize ideas
544Minnie mouse themed baby shower ideas
3005Surprise baby shower invitation wording ideas
1507February baby shower ideas
1389Lamb baby shower ideas
1575Baby shower music ideas
2899Baby shower boy decorations ideas
1171Baby shower girl ideas decorations
2909Gift wrap ideas for baby shower
1959Baby shower sign ideas
2417Ideas para decoracion de baby shower
2939Baby boy shower ideas and decorations
3203Finger food ideas for a baby shower