Anatomy of a Child’s Brain
What is the central nervous system (CNS)?
The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord. The brain is an important organ that controls thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, breathing, temperature, hunger, and every process that regulates our body.
|Click Image to Enlarge|
What are the different parts of the brain?
The brain can be divided into the cerebrum, brainstem, and cerebellum:
Cerebrum. The cerebrum (front of brain) is composed of the right and left hemispheres. Functions of the cerebrum include: initiation of movement, coordination of movement, temperature, touch, vision, hearing, speech and language, judgment, reasoning, problem solving, emotions, and learning.
Brainstem. The brainstem (middle of brain) includes the midbrain, the pons, and the medulla. Functions of this area include: movement of the eyes and mouth, relaying sensory messages (such as, hot, pain, or loud), hunger, respirations, consciousness, cardiac function, body temperature, involuntary muscle movements, sneezing, coughing, vomiting, and swallowing.
Cerebellum. The cerebellum (back of brain) is located at the back of the head. Its function is to coordinate voluntary muscle movements and to maintain posture, balance, and equilibrium.
More specifically, other parts of the brain include the following:
|Click Image to Enlarge|
Pons. A deep part of the brain, located in the brainstem, the pons contains many of the control areas for eye and face movements.
Medulla. The lowest part of the brainstem, the medulla is the most vital part of the entire brain and contains important control centers for the heart and lungs.
Spinal cord. A large bundle of nerve fibers located in the back that extends from the base of the brain to the lower back, the spinal cord carries messages to and from the brain and the rest of the body.
Frontal lobe. The largest section of the brain located in the front of the head, the frontal lobe is involved in judgment, decision-making, some language functions, personality characteristics, and movement.
Parietal lobe. The middle part of the brain, the parietal lobe helps a person to identify objects and understand spatial relationships (where one’s body is compared to objects around the person). The parietal lobe is also involved in interpreting pain and touch in the body.
Occipital lobe. The occipital lobe is the back part of the brain that is involved with vision.
Temporal lobe. The sides of the brain, these temporal lobes are involved in memory, speech, and sense of smell.
1351Baby shower guest sign in ideas
1607Girl baby shower favors ideas
2533Boy baby shower decorations ideas
1791TOP 10 Girl baby shower themes ideas for 2017
600Baby shower fruit tray ideas
3923Baby shower snack ideas pinterest
1909Purchase The Special Twin Baby Shower Cakes From Your Local Stores
4291High tea baby shower ideas – 10 ways to have a High tea baby shower party!
4319Baby shower afternoon tea ideas
2553TOP 10 Baby girl baby shower food ideas
2463Baby shower ideas pinterest boy
4315Baby shower centerpieces ideas pictures – 10 methods to brighten your baby shower party
554Welcoming a Baby Angel in Style with the Best Baby shower souvenir ideas
218710 Useful Triplet baby shower ideas for you!
2041Planning a Baby shower program ideas – detailed guide
3165Baby shower charades ideas
4327Baby shower onesie ideas – 10 secrets to know
2137Bumble bee themed baby shower ideas – 10 tips for good party!
2669Small baby shower food ideas
4003Ideas baby shower games
3089Baby shower recipes ideas
3355Curious george baby shower ideas
3933Pinterest baby shower boy ideas
1595Baby shower ideas with mason jars
3783Monkey themed baby shower ideas for a girl
3799Baby shower decor ideas for a girl
2023Pooh bear baby shower ideas
3661Baby shower sweet ideas
398Tea party baby shower ideas
1969Baby shower gift ideas girl
3939Unique baby shower ideas pinterest
2337Baby sprinkle shower ideas
3481Baby shower centerpieces ideas to make
1010Girl baby shower ideas and themes
1701Baby girl gift ideas for baby shower
2073Ideas for twins baby shower